Potentially serious side effects include a decreased respiratory effort and low blood pressure.
Morphine has a high potential for addiction and abuse.
Morphine is frequently used for pain from myocardial infarction and during labour.
It can be given by mouth, by injection into a muscle, by injecting under the skin, intravenously, into the space around the spinal cord, or rectally.
If the dose is reduced after long-term use, withdrawal may occur.
Common side effects include drowsiness, vomiting, and constipation.
It can be taken for both acute pain and chronic pain.
Kushal Desai is currently Chairman &Managing Director of Apar Industries Ltd.
He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from the Moore School of Electrical Engineering and a Business degree from the Wharton School, both of which are part of University of Pennsylvania.
Caution is advised when used during pregnancy or breast feeding, as morphine will affect the baby.
In the setting of breathlessness at rest or on minimal exertion from conditions such as advanced cancer or end-stage cardiorespiratory diseases, regular, low-dose sustained-release morphine significantly reduces breathlessness safely, with its benefits maintained over time.